The city of Sarajevo () in Bosnia was the seat of the Austro-Hungarian government for Bosnia and Herzegovina ().  In 1878 the leading governments of Europe sent representatives to a Congress in Berlin to settle the Balkan question.  The work that this congress was to do was like that of the Peace Conference which met at Versailles in 1919, at the close of the World War.  But the Congress of Berlin did not take into consideration the interests of oppressed peoples and arranged matters to suit their own selfesh interests.  The mistakes made in Berlin were underlying causes of the recent war.  Austria was invited to "occupy" Bosnia and Herzegovina.  The people of Bosnia and Herzegovina resisted the Austro=Hungarians but were unsuccessful.  On September 20th, 1878, Austria-Hungary took over their government.  This arrangement was supposed to be only temporary and she was supposed to evacuate when order and prosperity had been restored.  But for selfish reasons Austria-Hungary became unwilling to do this and in 1908 Emperor Francis Joseph sent autograph latters to the various rulers of Europe stating that Austria-Hungary had annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina to her territory.  Servia had for a long time hoped to unite with her Slavic kinsmen of Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Montenegro in a greater state.  Naturally she did not like this plan of Austria-Hungary.
  On June 28, 1914, the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, and his consort, the Duchess of Hohenburg, were shot by a Serbian boy, who was a Bosnian subject of Austria.  Because of this act Austria declared war on Servia and the great war was begun.

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