(16) government. It is to the operation of these consideration in the parent country, not less than to their influence in the colonies, that the rise, increase, and continuance of slavery in those British colonies which now constitute untied America, are to be attributed, as I shall endeavour to thew in the course of the present enquiry. It is now time to enquire into the nature of slavery, in general, and take a view of its consequences, and attendants in this commonwealth, in particular. Slavery, says a well informed writer on the subject, has been attended with circumstances to various in different countries, as to render it difficult to give a general definition of it. Justinian calls it a constitution of the law of nations, by which one man is made subject to another, contrary to nature. Grotius describes it to be an obligation to serve another for life, in consideration of diet, and other common necessaries. Dr. Rutherforth, rejecting this definition, informs us, that perfect slavery is an obligation to be directed by another in all one's actions. Baron Montesquieu defines it to be the establishment of a right, which gives one man such a power over another, as renders him absolute matters over his life

  • Har-grave's cafe of Negroe Somerfset

+ Lib. 1 Tit. 3. Sect. 2.

++Lib. 2. c. 5. Sect. 27.

Lib. 1. c. 20. pa. 474.